The last article I wrote in this series on acne took you through the four major types, or “grades” of acne that have been identified by experts. At this stage you will have a good idea of where you stand—how severe your personal acne problem is. Now, we will delve a more deeply into the acne problem. Why do some people get acne, when others don’t? Why is your acne so bad, when other people just have mild acne?
There are many contributing factors to consider.
Generally speaking, your acne is caused by dead skin cells that clump together and form themselves into a plug clogging up your pores. The swelling is caused by normal oil production in your skin, which continues after the pore gets blocked. But since the oil cannot be secreted from your skin through the pore the way it normally is, the oil gets trapped by the clog.
There are a few possible reasons why this may happen in your skin. Let us examine them together:
Levels of hormones in your body may be causing the sebaceous glands in your skin, the glands that produce oil, to become more active. This is a common cause of acne among teenagers, and some people in their early twenties. Hormonal changes related to a woman’s menstrual cycle, or pregnancy, may also cause this type of problem.
This is related to the hormone issue. In addition to oil, the sebaceous glands in your skin also produce a substance called sebum. Sebum makes dead skin cells bond together more easily, so that your pores are more likely to become clogged.
Increased Skin Shedding
Another problem very closely related to puberty, but which can also affect you at other stages of life, is increased skin shedding. Your skin always creates new layers and sheds the old layers, and this should be a gradual process; but sometimes it can start to happen more quickly. When your skin sheds quickly, the build up of dead cells is more likely to create clogs, causing an acne problem.
Let me say one thing right off, bacteria on your skin is perfectly normal. But when you have clogged pores, bacteria on your skin gets more active, and is able to reproduce more easily. Add to this that the bacteria is clogged inside the pore instead of sloughing off with dead skin like it should in normal circumstances, and you have a major problem.
When your body senses the build up of bacteria in your pores, your immune system automatically sends out white blood cells to attack the bacteria and kill it. These white blood cell become part of the pus that you hate so much to see on your face, and it also contributes to the swelling.
So now you know how your problem with acne was caused. We’re learning a lot here, and this information is going to help you greatly in knowing how to deal with your acne. Join me in the next article in our series; it will deal with some common myths about acne, which confuse a lot of people.Read Details