Wisdom teeth removal is necessary when these have not erupted or have done so only partially, which can cause different problems. Such as pain, infection and inflammation of the gums, displacement of the adjacent teeth (malocclusion) or appearance of cysts or tumors in the jaw.
Also the wisdom teeth removal may be required when they left but they alter the bite in a meaningful way. In any case, the dentist will determine whether to proceed to its extraction.
In the case of the wisdom teeth have emerged but are causing some sort of problem that recommended his removal this will be done by the usual method, after the application of local anesthesia and using the instrumental use clinically.
However, in the case of wisdom teeth that have not erupted or have done so only partially will be necessary to resort to surgery, which implies the realization of a cut in the gum in order to make it. Sometimes general anesthesia may be necessary to proceed to this type of intervention.
How is the recovery after the removal of wisdom teeth?
The total extraction of a wisdom tooth recovery occurs after one or two weeks, depending on each case. After the surgery, it is normal in addition to pain, that the wound to bleed for at least 24 hours. Why apply gauze on it that must hold down for about 20 minutes and that should be changed on so long is bleeding.
In the event that the surgeon has had to cut to proceed with extraction. There will be sutured wound and therefore healed once, it shall proceed to their elimination.
However, to facilitate the recovery will have to follow the following recommendations:
Take the medication prescribed by the surgeon, usually anti-inflammatories or painkillers and antibiotics.
To reduce pain, apply ice on the cheek.
Always keep your head raised above the feet, so when you are in bed pillows should be used.
Extreme oral hygiene, especially in the area where he was the wisdom tooth that has been extracted, which must be carried out following the instructions of the surgeon.
In the early days, it should be rinsing of the mouth with warm water and salt every two or three hours. Which will prevent possible infections and improve the healing of the wound.
A diet soft meanwhile has not finished the healing process.
You should not perform strenuous physical exercise while hard recovery.
Do not smoke, at least in the first 24 hours.
Do not drink very hot liquids.
Seed-containing foods should not be taken or similar small size, since they can remain embedded in the alveoli of the wheel and increase the risk of infection.
Complications after wisdom teeth removal
After the wisdom teeth removal complications, most of them mild and temporary may occur:
Nausea and vomiting because of anesthesia.
Numbness of the mouth in the hours following the intervention.
Occasionally, although it is rare to happen, can occur some fever.
To have kept your mouth open during the time it lasts intervention, can produce a slight pain in the jaw to move it, as well as lip dryness and appearance of cracks on the lips.
In some cases, to pass the language on the site where the wisdom tooth extracted, are staying can be perceived the existence of hard prominences. Which correspond to the bone that was inserted. If the problem persists in time, a new intervention may be required to remove the lumps.
A hematoma can also occur on the cheek with a change of coloration on the skin.
Before any of these complications must be consulted with your dentist, if it is necessary to proceed to a specific treatment.